See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. For example, you do not have a lottery ticket. 2. If I were you, I would tell my father. Send us a message. Signup to our newsletter "English in your Inbox" to receive your monthly fix of English by email. How to form a complex sentence with the second conndtional; If clause Main sentence; If + subject + verb in the past simple tense: Subject + would + verb: If I had a million pounds, I would buy a big yacht. Other modal verbs can be used instead of 'will/would' –  'can/could', 'may' 'might'. One Direction "I would" Nickelback. e.g. 2What would you do if you 'd findfoundfind a lot of money in the street? If I were a chairman, I would offer new and different ideas. No, we're talking about a hypothetical situation here right so the result clause suggests what would be … How is the second conditional sentence (if-clause type 2) formed?Basically, a conditional sentence always consists of two clauses. The important thing about the second conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that the condition will happen. Verb forms present conditional continuous, Parts of speech (verbs, nouns, adjectives, …), Numbers, numerals and time specifications. Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. In the 3rd conditional sentence, the reality is that the speaker was not invited and did not go to the party, although it was possible in the past. 7If it didn't rain, I 'd always cyclealways cycled'll always cycle to work. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 10You wouldn't have so many accidents if you 'd drivedrivedrove more carefully. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 The if-clause can be at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. We use the Past Simple tense to talk about the future condition. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. And we use would + infinitive to talk about the result or consequence of that imaginary situation. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. And we use would + infinitive to talk about the result or consequence of that imaginary situation. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience of our website. Conditionals are structures in English that establish what will happen if a certain event takes place or if a certain action is performed. The second conditional is used if there is _______ that the condition will happen. One of them (the subordinate clause) usually starts with the word ‘if’ and specifies the condition while the other one (the main clause) returns the result. Second conditional – table . Use your imagination! If she weren’t ill, she would go to the school. Learn more. It is theoretically possible to fulfill a condition which is given in the if-clause although it is unlikely to happen. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It’s subjective; it depends on my point of view. To form the second conditional we use: If+past simple and would+infinitive. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download. But (second conditional): If he studied harder, he would pass the exam (I think that he won’t study harder, or it’s very unlikely, and so he won’t pass). We use the first conditional to talk about possible future situations and we use the second conditional to talk about hypothetical or imaginary future situations. If clause and main clause. In that situation I would travel around the world. Many conditional sentences use if + will/would. We are thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. The above examples in the main clauses are known grammatically as the, 5. This means that … We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The Zombie Song (Ideal for Halloween!) Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Time: present; the TENSE is past, but we are talking about the present, now. Here are 9 Sentences of Second Conditional; If I were you, I would want to be a doctor. If today was your last day. Viola Willis. 1. Be aware that the subordinate clause can appear at the beginning or at the end of the complex sentence: The following explanations relate to the topic ‘Using the second conditional sentence (if-clause type 2)’ and could also be interesting: Found anything to improve? = It is unlikely that I will win the lottery, but I'm going to hypothetically imagine that I did win. Grammar & Exercises forEnglish, Spanish and German. ENGLISH CONDITIONALS ZERO Conditional FIRST Conditional SECOND Conditional If + Present Simple, Present Simple. By: Ivon Ramírez Santiago Rodríguez Jeferson Rodríguez Vargas 2. First Conditional and Second Conditional. In particular, the second conditional sentence, which is also often called if-clause type 2, is used in the following cases: Basically, a conditional sentence always consists of two clauses. © Copyright 2017 English Grammar Exercise. In the second conditional we can use if I/he/she/it were (more formal) instead of if I/he/she/it was. Complete the sentences below by making Second Conditional statements. We use would + base verb to talk about the future result. If I had longer summer holidays, If John did more exercise, If Mrs. Smith spoke Chinese, If I won a million dollars, If aliens landed on Earth If animals could talk, If people … So the second conditional uses a past simple verb in the if clause then ‘would' followed by the infinitive verb in the main clause. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Third Conditional songs I found a video that includes several examples (It's entertaining). Which is correct? 9I wouldn't drink that milk if I were'd bewas you. Santiago Rodríguez If it's a nice day tomorrow, we'll go swimming. Example: If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. The first conditional describes things that I think are likely to happen in the future, whereas the second conditional talks about things that I don’t think will really happen. The newsletter includes useful lessons, competitions and book reviews. In this slide you can find an explanation about the use of the second conditional, examples and exercises to practice. 4If I had her number, I called'd callcall her; but I don't have it. We don’t use a comma when the main clause comes first and the if clause comes second. If I knew the answer, I would tell it to you. – THIS SITUATION IS POSSIBLE. The if clause is the condition. Other modal verbs can be used instead of 'will/would' – 'can/could', 'may' 'might'. On this page you will find the following: In general, we use conditional sentences for ideas or situations that depend on another. If he didn’t argue with everyone all the time, he would have a more relaxed life. 1If I hadwould havehave more money, I'd travel more. 3A lot of health problems could be prevented if people ateeatwould eat better. The second clause of subject + would + verb (conditional verb) is conditional to the first clause happening (or will only happen if the first part/clause happens). When the if clause comes first, we normally put a comma after it. Present simple tense rules third person singular, Second Conditional – Comic-style exercises, No public clipboards found for this slide. 8I'd get a big tattoo on my back if my parents allowallowedwould allow me to do it.