” — Sibt ibn al-Jawzi, Mir’at al-zaman: Periudha Osmane. These upgrades included:[22], On April 10, 2003, during the Battle of Baghdad (2003), a four hours fight went on between the American forces and the Iraqi forces that were positioned inside the mosque. DOI : https://doi.org/10.3406/remmm.1973.1235, www.persee.fr/doc/remmm_0035-1474_1973_num_15_1_1235, THE MADRASA IN SPAIN : SOME REMARKS by George MAKDISI. [23] The Sunni endowment, with the corporation of several companies and families, rebuilt the destroyed parts of the mosque, until it was fully recovered in 2004. Al-Mansur ordered Abu Hanifa to make fatwas that expand the caliph's authority, which Abu Hanifa disagreed to do, leading him back to prison. Adding Andalusian ornaments to the mosque by Moroccan hands. [18] In 1255 AH / 1839 CE, Sultan Abdülmecid I ordered to reconstruct the old damaged parts of the mosque[18] and decorate it with a tunic from Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, which was welcomed with superior greetings by the residents of Baghdad because of its holiness. The most important ones were in 1918 and 1935, where the old rooms were replaced with bigger new rooms,[22] and 1948, where they renewed the flooring and verses of Al-Fath was written on the walls of the hallways. According to Ibn Khallikan, the school was opened on September 22, 1067, therefore, the Great Imam school is the first school in Baghdad. In 1919, the big double-faced clock was given by the mosque of Abdul-Qadir Gilani to the Abu Hanifa mosque to fix it and place it in the mosque, but it was old and most of it was damaged. [4] He was buried in al-Khayzuran Cemetery, named after al-Khayzuran bint Atta that was buried in it, 23 years after Abu Hanifa was. Beginning apparently in the lands of the Eastern Caliphate, the movement of the madrasa took a westward direction and made its appareance in Iraq, Syria, Palestine, and Egypt whence it swept westward across North Africa and finally to Spain. [18] There were several other reconstructions over the years. On Friday prayers, the regular number of worshipers is 1,000, while on the regular everyday prayers, 200-250 worshipers come to the mosque. (5) Ibn Farhûn (d. 799/1397), ad-Dîbâj al-mudhahhab fi ma'rifat a'yân "ulamâ" al- madhhab (Cairo : al-Ma'âhid Press, 1351/1932). Abu Hanifa Mosque: | | | Abu Hanifa Mosque| مسجد ابي حنيفة| Great Imam M... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and … These upgrades included:[21], On April 10, 2003, during the Battle of Baghdad (2003), a four hours fight went on between the American forces and the Iraqi forces that were positioned inside the mosque. A luxurious dome was built on the mosque. People that lived near the mosque cleaned the mosque from shattered glass and battle effects, along with protecting the mosque from those who stole most of Baghdad. The dome of the main hall is decorated with small accurate trappings, just like the doors and pillars. He started working in Ramadan 1379 AH / February 1960 AD with the construction lasting for five years. He was lashed 110 lashes until he agreed. [27], In 1919, the big double-faced clock was given by the mosque of Abdul-Qadir Gilani to the Abu Hanifa mosque to fix it and place it in the mosque, but it was old and most of it was damaged. In 1910, Sultan Abdul Hamid II ordered to reconstruct the mosque, renew the wall and build more rooms for students and poor people. Baghdad, one has to go through security checks. [25] 26 domes are built on top of the hallways, based on 12 pillars. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. After examing it, he found it very damaged and incapable to function, so he requested making another clock that looks like the old one from the Directorate of Religious Endowments. In 1959, after the 1958 Revolution, loads of upgrades were done on the mosque. [16] In 1090 AH / 1689 CE, Omar Pasha reconstructed the mosque and made its garden one of the most wonderful gardens in Baghdad. The fortress was armed with 150 soldiers with different military equipment.          Political / Social. Later, in 459 AH / 1066 CE, the Grand Vizier of the Seljuk Emperor Alp Arslan, Abu Saad al-Khwarizmi or al-Mustawfi, built a shrine for Abu Hanifa in the mosque, along with a white Dome. Al-Mansur ordered Abu Hanifa to make fatwas that expand the caliph's authority, which Abu Hanifa disagreed to do, leading him back to prison. Destruction. He built a malban and made it high, just like the shrines of the family of Ali ibn Abu Talib. It was said that Abu Jaafar al-Zammam built a hall inside of the mosque in 379 AH. II. The total area of the mosque is 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft) and it can accommodate 5,000 worshipers. The total area of the mosque is 10,000m2 and it can accommodate 5,000 worshipers. The walls were lifted one meter of the ground from all the sides of the mosque and anti-moisturizes were put on it. It is in the al-Adhamiyah district of northern Baghdad, which is named after Abu Hanifa's reverential epithet Al-imām al-aʿẓam ("The Great Leader"). It is built around the tomb of Abu Hanifah an-Nu'man, often called the "Great Imam" (Al-imām al-aʿẓam), the founder of the Hanafi madhhab or school of Islamic religious jurisprudence. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. [22], The total area of the mosque is 10,000m². كشط الصدا وغسل الران في زيارة العراق وما والاها من البلدان. This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 09:53. Later, in 2006, missiles were fired by a Katyusha rocket launcher and fell in the mosque's courtyard without any damages done to the mosque. They accepted the request on March 24. [10] It took four months and a half to build the school (from January 8, 1067 to May 15, 1067). Building a tower, covered with blue and white mosaic and placing a big clock on it in 1961. They also built a square fortress around the mosque and a watchtower. The walls were lifted one meter of the ground from all the sides of the mosque and anti-moisturizes were put on it. [14] With the administration of Shaykh al-Islām Yahia, the sultan ordered to rebuild the buildings around the mosque and decorate it with strips of gold and silver, decorate the mosque with green wool drapes and expand the upper and lower gates. A luxurious dome was built on the mosque. Covering three meters of the walls of the main hall and hallways with Jordanian alabaster. These renovations costed 2,300 liras. [15] With the administration of Shaykh al-Islām Yahia, the sultan ordered to rebuild the buildings around the mosque and decorate it with strips of gold and silver, decorate the mosque with green wool drapes and expand the upper and lower gates. In 1959, after the 1958 Revolution, loads of upgrades were done on the mosque. (2) Reign : 733-755/1333-1354. Article Id: It was said that his funeral was attended by 50,000 people, and was attended by al-Mansur himself. [12], After the invasion of Baghdad by the Safavid dynasty in 1508, Abu Hanifa mosque and school were destroyed and abolished, due to sectarian conflicts that the Safavids had. [2], Caliph Abu Ja'far al-Mansur offered Abu Hanifa to be Qadi al-qudat, chief judge, but he refused, which caused him being tortured and put in prison. (64 A.H.) Abu Zur'ah أبو زرعة [26] There are three doors for the hallways, one from the side of the residential area and two from the side of the markets. He built a school for the followers of Abu Hanifa and brought teachers for them and gave them much money to spend. His student Abu Yusuf was later appointed Qadi Al-Qudat (Chief Judge of the State) by the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. It consists of eight marble pillars with a large dome on top of them with iron chains hanging from them to hold the chandeliers,[23] with three other domes built around it on three rectangular pillars made of stone and plaster. He built a malban and made it high, just like the shrines of the family of Ali ibn Abu Talib. With the administration of Shaykh al-Islām Yahia, the sultan ordered to rebuild the buildings around the mosque and decorate it with strips of gold and silver, decorate the mosque with green wool drapes and expand the upper and lower gates. The Ottomans invaded Baghdad in 1534 and replaced the Shi'ite Safavid with the Sunni Ottoman rule. On March 17, 1921, Abdul Razzaq Mahsoub promised to check it and, if possible, fix it. [18], In 1288 AH / 1871 AD, the mother of Abdülaziz, Pertevniyal Sultan, vowed when she was sick, that if she got healed, she will rebuild the mosque with her own money, which she did after she got better. The cost of reconstructing the mosque was 80,000 liras. Building half a hallway from the north-western side. Abu Hanifa Mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. The reconstructing lasted for five years. The mosque became at its greatest during the period of the rule of Sultan Murad IV. They also built a square fortress around the mosque and a watchtower.