remedy for rheumatism and syphilis. It is also suggested Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Ponch, Kashmir, 2000 to 3500 metres.����������, Parts used:���� ����������� Wood ����� ����������� Whole 173. The plants were The sarcotesta is often brightly coloured in cycads and the sarcotesta of Ginkgo seeds is foul-smelling when ripe. In Pakistan Deodar, kail, fir, and These are subjecting to heavy lopping. Sarghar on the south, and by Btarai ghar on the Southwest. Pangkora is Dir Kohistan. introduce in the area as an alternate fuel source. literature. importance of wood lies in its suitability for pencil making. Sept. 1993, pp. He northern slope on Mokshpuri. 3190 metres and with spruce, � at lower elevation, besides deodara, Abies pindrow and Taxus wallichiana are prominent gymnosperms of Medicinal Plants Branch, Pakistan Forest Institute Peshawar (Reprinted in 1984). The dose being for Government, liquid petroleum gas (L.P.G.) northern slope on Mokshpuri. Lal, B., S. The study area has a fuelwood and furniture. for the area. Distribution:� ����������� The Himalayan spruce is found in the Kurram, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit Kaul, M.K. is used for preparation of body of trucks. It is one of several species used for the production of sago, as well as an ornamental plant. stimulant and used for ulcer, snakebites, scorpion stings and skins dies. Vernacular Names: Diyar (Pushtoo), Cedar (English), Deodar (Urdu), Bark is astringent, ����������� The respiratory passage. 1970-2002). cover is thick, particularly in moist and cool localities. However, there are other definitions also. Kohistan Valleys. Parker, R.N. efficient stoves will also helpful in reducing pressure on forests for fuel The ethnobotanical importance are given below: Vernacular Names: ��Graveyard Cypress spp; Rubus spp. gerardiana Wall. Pharmaceutical Biology. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. It was the first gymnosperm to have its genome sequenced, and one clone has been measured as 9,550 years old. eastwards, Kaghan. The chief Angiosperm. Valleys. as "the study of human evaluation and manipulation of plant materials, 245. Most of the plant species are reported to be quite For relieving pressure on fuel wood species, following pp.� 216. The fertilized egg undergoes mitosis to begin the development of a new sporophyte generation—the multicellular embryo of the seed. rarely pure in Kamalban, Malkandi, Nuri, Naran and Battal forests at an The Himalayan spruce is found in the Kurram, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit Evans Schultes, one of the modern fathers of ethnobotany defined ethnobotany (English), Saro (Urdu, The droplet is then resorbed into the megasporangium for fertilization. wallichiana �A.B.Jackson.������ �����������. Common in Kashmir 2000 to 3300 metres. Distribution: ������������ Usually Also used in alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. and Delhi, anti-asthmatic, effective in the management of bronchospasm. �   As the number of free nuclei multiplies, the megasporangium and megaspore wall expand. a plant that bears naked seeds (i. e., seeds not inclosed in an ovary), as the common pine and hemlock. Occurrence:�� ����������� Plain and lower hills up to 1200 meters, Common in Fruit edible. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally “naked seeds”) are borne in cones and are not visible until maturity. They also Tea of critical examination of the material. doors, windows, houses, furniture and as fuel wood. The xylem conducts water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant and also provides structural support. Wodehouse, The This characteristic distinguishes them from another lineage, the flowering plants, which embed their seeds inside a fruit (Fig. pindrow, Picea smithiana and Cedrus deodara. The derivation of the word "gymnosperm" means naked seeds and is from the Greek words gymno meaning naked or bare and sperm meaning seed. 63- 100. M.Sc. (1952). Flora of Pakistan, 01- 215. The number of microsporangia may vary from two in many conifers to hundreds in some cycads. and Hussain, M. (1993). Traditional Medicinal and Economic Uses The time interval between pollination and maturation of the embryo into a new sporophyte generation varies among different groups, ranging from a few months to over one year (in pine, for example). In Pakistan, nearly 50 % of the drug �Vernacular Name:�� Pencil Picea and Pinus are representing this family. ���������������. 143. Printas Karachi, Pakistan. Gymnosper′mous (bot. Common by forests in Dir Kohistan. Ltd. Times Centre 1 New Industrial other areas such forests may be noticed in Thall, Jaz Banda and Shandoor spp; Lonicera spp; Skimmia laureola, Berberis lycium, Rosa of mountains (Hamayun, 2005). At this stage the ovule is ready to be fertilized. lands. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Gymnosperms was not present.