The liver, the body's largest glandular organ, weighs approximately 3 pounds. Renal tubules: It consists of a series of tubules which arises from the Bowman capsule and ends at the collecting ducts. Renal pyramids contain strings of nephrons which acts as a functional unit of the kidney which transfers fluid into the kidney which then passes over by the nephron to the collecting ducts. Therefore, a tissue is the functional and structural unit of an organ. A collection of different types of tissues organized to perform a particular function or functions is known as an ‘organ’. Liver and Kidneys are both organs in the organisms. It is stored and concentrated in the gallbladder. It is located on the right side of the abdomen and protected by the rib cage. The liver stores glucose, fats, and many other micronutrients such as iron, copper, and many vitamins. It has many functions … Liver: It is the large, glandular and the second largest organ which is the essential part of our digestive system which plays a crucial role in providing energy or metabolism to or body. The mammalian kidneys have two types of nephrons, namely, juxtamedullary nephron and cortical nephron. “What Causes Cysts on the Liver and Kidneys?” There are many causes that can cause a cyst in the liver … The liver helps in the metabolism of carbohydrate, proteins, fats etc. Nephrons are the basic functional and structural unit of the kidney. Liver and kidney are the vital organs of our body that help process and filter out food, medications, alcohol and other substances that enter our body. The proximal convoluted tubule is the tubules that help in the absorption of water, sodium back into the blood. Especially vertebrates have a well-developed organ system among other animal groups. Kidney: It is small and a bean-shaped organ which is the essential part of our excretory system that plays a crucial role in the filtering of waste nitrogenous products from our body through its function unit refers as nephron. They are primarily essential in the urinary system and also play an important role in the homeostatic regulation of the electrolytes. The tissue which surrounds the liver is “Connective tissue”. Basically, the vertebrates have 11 principal organ systems, which perform major activities in the body and keep the vertebrates alive. • Unlike kidney, the liver stores glucose and fat. Excretion of nitrogenous wastes like urea, ammonia etc. Distal convoluted loop helps in the absorption of sodium into the blood and take in potassium and acids. Each kidney is served by a renal artery, which receives blood and, from this blood, urine is produced. Some capillary tube-like structure is also present in the structure of the liver, which extends from the central vein to the hepatic portal vein which refers as “Sinusoids”. Never Stay Dehydrated ; If you want your liver and kidney to give you the best of what they do, then you have to keep them up and running with hydration. Liver and Kidneys are both organs in the organisms. Liver and kidney are the two organs which perform two different functions in our body. Filed Under: Biology Tagged With: kidney, Liver. The liver is the largest internal organ that performs as many as 500 important functions in the human body. whereas kidney helps in the excretion of nitrogenous wastes. The liver is the second largest organ in the body, weighing in at approximately 3 pounds. into the blood. Required fields are marked *. It appears on the right side of the body near the stomach, below the diaphragm. Especially vertebrates have a well-developed organ system among other animal groups. Therefore, we can conclude that both the liver and kidney are the two essential part of our body. Sinusoids are surrounded by the hepatocytes and kupffer cells. An organ system is composed of a group of organs that performs a particular function in the body. Glomerulus absorbs the protein from the blood through the renal corpuscle and passes the remaining fluid to the Bowman capsule. The blood enters into the renal corpuscle after entering into the nephron. Its lower border extends in front to just the l… therefore, both liver and kidney are the core of the digestive and the excretory system. A collection of different types of tissues organized to perform a particular function or functions is known as an ‘organ’. Hepatocytes cells constitute the majority of the part of the liver and help in digestion, metabolism and storage whereas kupffer cells first capture the old or dead RBCs and break them down. It is very obvious that in the absence of any of the organ or cell, the other parts of our body will not function properly i.e the work is divided among all the organs in our body and if one is not working properly, then the others will equally get affected. There are about 100,000 hexagonal lobules that form the structure of the liver. Filtration and reabsorption of glucose can be done by kidneys. Collecting ducts is the area of exit for the filtered fluid which ends to the renal pelvis. It comprises of several parts which include proximal convoluted tubule, Henle’s loop and Distal convoluted loop. are stored in the liver whereas the kidney does not perform any storage functions. The kidney is a complex organ made of thousands of tiny units called nephrons. There are six hepatic arteries, portal veins and bile ducts which surrounds each lobule of the liver. • Liver excretes bile pigments as a metabolic waste of hemoglobin breakdown whereas kidney excretes ammonia, urea, uric acid, urochrome, water, and certain inorganic irons such as waste products. Your email address will not be published. It is a deep reddish-brown in color, and is situated on the right side of the abdominal cavity, just below the right hemi-diaphragm, to the left of the stomach. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } contain strings of nephrons which acts as a functional unit of the kidney which transfers fluid into the kidney which then passes over by the nephron to the collecting ducts. In general, functions of the kidneys include eliminating metabolic waste products, regulating body water concentration and blood pressure, and maintaining a constant blood pH. Your email address will not be published. They maintain the acid-base balance, and regulate the blood-pressure. All rights reserved. The major differences between liver and kidney include the following two properties: The liver is the organ, which is the part of our digestive system whereas the kidney is the organ that is the part of our excretory system. Clean Your Liver and Kidney With These 7 Tips . is the area of exit for the filtered fluid which ends to the renal pelvis. Last is the number, in which liver is found as one in number and kidney is found as two in number. Bowman capsule collects the remaining fluid after the absorption of protein and passes it to the renal tubules. Learn more about the main structures of the kidneys and how they function. Liver vs Kidney . It purifies the blood from the digestive tract. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) causes the cyst to form in the kidneys that can adversely affect kidney functions. It releases these substances as the body needs them, thus the liver helps ensure a constant supply of energy rich molecules for body cells. Water is like their fuel and they need it to function in their maximum capacity. That is, it is pressing against the domed right half of the diaphragm, which separates it from the right side of the thoracic cavity. Bile is a fluid mixture, consisting of bile pigments and bile salts. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. On the other side, a cyst in the liver leads to the fluid-filled sacs throughout the organ. • Each individual contains one liver and two kidneys in their body. Renal medulla: It is the inner tissue of a kidney which is generally smooth and contains a renal pyramid as well as a loop of Henle. While producing urine, they excrete the wastes products, such as urea and ammonium; and are also res… The kidneys are some of the most important organs in your body, and each one contains many parts. The liver plays an important role in the digestion of fats through breakdown and adsorption by secreting bile which is a digestive juice; It also plays a crucial role in the metabolism of carbohydrate, fats, lipids etc. Renal cortex: It is surrounded by a layer of fatty tissue refers as a renal capsule. The liver plays an important role in the digestion of fats through breakdown and adsorption by secreting. Humans have two bean shaped kidneys that are located in the posterior abdominal wall beneath the diaphragm, and lie on either side of the vertebral column. It is roughly triangular in shape, and fills almost the whole right side of the upper abdomen. Without, liver our digestive system is incomplete and without a kidney, our excretory system is incomplete.