J. Tech.,5 (1967) 396. Acad. Elektrochem.,16 (1910) 674. A. H. Jubb and M. C. McCarthy,Education in Chemistry,7 (1970) 113. Phys. Chem.,20 (1928) 545. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Age of India,15 (1964), 501. Reduction of nitro groups Reduction of nitro groups Definition: Nitro groups can be converted into amino groups by treatment with reducing agents such as palladium on carbon with hydrogen (Pd/C, H 2), zinc (Zn) metal with acid, or tin (Sn) with acid.. Sci. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. An attempt is made to work out the material balance for the nitrobenzene employed. Chem.,15 (1911) 797. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Khim.,25 (1951) 409. P. H. Groggins, ‘United Processes in Organic Synthesis,’ p. 106. In this paper, the results obtained in the preliminary experiments using the rotating electrode technique are discussed. Google Scholar. It is found that it is necessary to add certain ‘hydrogen carriers’ to catalyse the reduction. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Chem. I, p. 918. P. N. Anantharaman, G. S. Subramanian and H. V. K. Udupa,Bull. John Wiley, Interscience, New York, (1949). Ernest Benn, London (1966). McGraw Hill, New York (1952). Present address: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi-3, India, K. Swaminathan, P. N. Anantharaman, G. S. Subramanian & H. V. K. Udupa, You can also search for this author in Sci. N doped porous carbons (NPCs) with different N concentrations were fabricated. The electrolytic reduction of nitrobenzene in strongly acidic medium produces phenylhydroxylamine which rearranges to p-Aminophenol. The electrochemical reduction performance of NPCs was evaluated by reducing nitrobenzene (NB), and the effects of nitrogen concentration were discussed. Electrochem. • Without the addition of such carriers, complete reduction is not possible. John Wiley, Interscience, New York (1949). Electrochemical reduction process is a promising method for wastewater treatment, and its performance is determined by cathode material. C. L. Wilson and H. V. Udupa,J. Reinhold: New York (1950). Nitrogen doped carbon is a kind of favorable cathode material for electrochemical reduction, but deep understanding for the effect of nitrogen concentration and reduction pathway is still needed. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Soc.,41 (1922) 225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124636. Under weakly acidic conditions nitrobenzene on electrolytic reduction gives aniline but under strongly acidic conditions gives p-aminophenol. Eng. 18 (1970) 629. P. Reich, Dissertation — University of Munich (1910). O. W. Brown and C. O. Henke,J. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Elec. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. On account of the simplicity of operation, an attempt is being made to work out a suitable electrolytic method for this tonnage of chemical and study its economics as compared to other known methods of production. NPCs show high electrochemical reduction activity for nitrobenzene reduction. High N concentration facilitates electrochemical hydrogenation reduction reaction. J. Tech.,4 (1966) 274. Pol. David Ginsburg, ‘Concerning Amines’, p. 21. H. V. K. Udupa, G. S. Subramanian and M. S. Venkatachalapathy,Chem. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f7990537f6025d5 Further H* quenching experiment indicates the NPC electrochemical reduction process mainly following an indirect hydrogenation reduction pathway. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Adr. PubMed Google Scholar, Swaminathan, K., Anantharaman, P.N., Subramanian, G.S. H. E. Fierz-David and L. Blangey, ‘Fundamental Processes of Dye Chemistry’, p. 75. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. N. V. Sidgwick and R. K. Callon,J. L. I. Antropov and N. T. Vagramyan,Zhur. theelectroi.yticreiduction of nitro-benzene: by r>ouisfredksrcksnow thesis degrkeofbachelorofsc^ip^nce in chemistry collkgf>ofsciknce okthe universityofillinois presentedjune.1900 We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Elektrochem.,7 (1910) 589. H. E. Fierz-David and L. Blangey ‘Fundamental Processes of Dye Chemistry,’ p. 126. O. W. Brown and J. C. Warner,Trans. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry Google Scholar. R. E. Kirk and D. F. Othmer, ‘Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology,’ p. 290. R. C. Snowden,J. P. N. Anantharaman and G. S. Subramanian,Trans. Soc.,99 (1952) 289. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Amer. John Wiley Interscience (1947). 5 (1970). Van Nostrand, New York (1942). et al. Your IP: Galvanostatic polarization measurements on a copper cathode in presence of titanic sulfate and nitrobenzene are presented. Pergamon, Oxford (1964). Efficient electrochemical reduction of nitrobenzene by nitrogen doped porous carbon. The reduction of nitrobenzene by an electrolytic method is fairly simple and it does not require the complicated equipment needed in the vapour phase reduction method. Various conditions such as current density, depolarizer ratio, temperature and concentration of the hydrogen carrier have been studied.