Create your account, Already registered? The restoration of the museum is very well done and an amazing experience to be inside a structure of that size. It was begun in 449 B.C., and was the first Athenian temple to be made of marble. The most impressive, though much smaller in scale than the Parthenon, is the Temple of Hephaestus. For more stories visit Structure's Insider Archives. It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts. Loved this temple in the agora - very well preserved, you can walk right around it and you can see both the inner and outer columns. Penteli, excepting the bottom step of the krepis or platform. It was used as a burial place for non-Orthodox Europeans in the 19th century, among whom were many philhellenes who gave their lives in the cause of the Greek War of Independence (1821–1830). The Athenians regarded Theseus as a great reformer; his name comes from the same root as, ('dwelling together')—the political unification of. Architectural Buildings, Ancient Ruins, Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Monuments & Statues, Ancient Ruins. However, he may not have been the only deity worshipped here. It is one of the best-preserved ancient temples, partly because it was transformed into a Christian church. There are restrooms on the property. The temple disposed of a pronaos (anteroom) and an opisthodomos (back section), both distyle (two-columned) in antis. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal - Definition, Amendment & Rights, Who are the Founding Fathers of America? 's' : ''}}. In this case, archeologists believe that the sculptures depict the hero Theseus and the people known as the Lapiths battling against the centaurs. Jul 5, 2013 - The Temple of Hephaestus and Athena Ergane (Greek: Ναός του Ηφαίστου και της Αθηνάς Εργάνης), also known as the Hephaisteion (Ηφαιστείον) or Theseion (Θησείον), is the best preserved ancient Greek temple. He was the son of Zeus and Hera, and a god of blacksmiths, metallurgy, and craftsmen. The temple is built of marble from the nearby Mt. at the western edge of the city, on top of Agoreos Koronos hill, and it is a classic example of Dorian architecture. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and design of this structure and see why it stands out amongst Greece's temples today. came to power, he envisioned a grand plan for transforming Athens into the centre of Greek power and culture. He was also the blacksmith of the gods, which was a pretty big job. Took some amazing pics here. It is a Doric peripteral temple and is located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens, on top of the Agoraios Kolonos hill. It’s a lot to walk and see (especially at the end of the day), but so worth it. for more information visit: Surrounded by some greenery but can be warm to walk around. The west pediment depicted the fight of the Centaurs and the east pediment the reception of Hercules on mount Olympus or the birth of goddess Athena. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. study It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts. Héphaïstos était le dieu de la métallurgie. The dimensions of the temple are 13.71 m north to south and 31.78 m east to west, with six columns on the short east and west sides and thirteen columns along the longer north and south sides (with each of the four corner columns being counted twice). We know a lot about the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it. The building’s condition has been maintained due to its history of varied use. There are many temples in Greece, so what makes the Temple of Hephaestus so special? Around AD 700, the temple was turned into a Christian church, dedicated to Saint George. There are a few steps to climb up to it, but very manageable. The name Theseion or Temple of Theseus was attributed to the monument under the assumption it housed the remains of the Athenian hero Theseus, brought back to the city from the island of Skyros by Kimon in 475 BC, but refuted after inscriptions from within the temple associated it firmly with Hephaestus.